The exosome is the largest of all microbial multicellular complexes, constituting about 20% of cell volume. Exosomes play pivotal roles in host-microbe interactions, including innate immunity and tissue remodeling. Exosomes are released from cells during physiological stress, such as injury and infection. A growing body of evidence supports the idea that exosomes mediate a range of biological effects on target cells via the secretion of small secreted soluble molecules. Using small molecule inhibitors targeting one or more exosomal proteins has provided new insights into how cell-to-cell communication may be controlled within tissues at both the intra-organismal and inter-organismal levels. The complexities of their biological function make exosomes a valuable resource for treatment across multiple fields including medicine and biology.

Exosomes are a type of nanoparticle derived from the extracellular matrix that can be manufactured and injected into the body. Exosomes are proteins and proteins build tissues, organs, cells, and organisms. When exosomes are injected into injured tissues they deliver growth factors, such as TGF beta1,2 and fibroblast growth factor-2 that help repair injured tissue and healthier tissue to promote healing.

Exosome therapy is a form of stem cell therapy that delivers valuable exosome molecules to cells throughout your body. Compared to adult stem cells, these exosomes contain nearly three times the amount of growth factors. More growth factors mean a better ability to restore and revitalize target cells. Unlike stem cell therapy, exosome therapy doesn’t involve using donor cells in your body. Instead, exosomes are extracted from donated human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and sterilized. The exosome solution contains valuable lipids, messenger-RNA, micro-RNA, signaling cytokines, and proteins.

Exosome therapy is a highly targeted, flexible treatment for conditions like osteoarthritis, chronic pain, and musculoskeletal injuries. It is based on a breakthrough discovery that there are key proteins found in exosomes that can help to heal your body by increasing the communication between cells. Exosomes are small vesicles released from cells that travel within the bloodstream to deliver important information about a patient’s health directly to their brain and other parts of the body. They cross the blood-brain barrier for maximum efficacy and they have a low risk of clumping.

Exosome therapy is responsible, among other things, for assisting both the T-cells and NK cells in our immune system. Exosome therapy is responsible, among other things, for assisting both the T-cells and NK cells in our immune system. We need both but when NK cells aren’t “turned off” or T-cells aren’t “turned on” pain and inflammation are often the result. When exosomes are delivered directly into an affected joint, they start signaling to the cells to return to healthy function. They send proteins into the walls of the cells telling them how to regulate themselves – there are two stages to this response – in the first stage our body seeks out any inflammatory substances like OI or injury-causing factors, while in the second stage it reverses all of this back to a normal state, leading to long-term relief.